What are Types of Antibiotics

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Types of antibiotics by entiregrade
Types of antibiotics by entiregrade

Antibiotics are substances produces by microorganisms.

Antibiotics kill or suppress the growth of other microorganisms at a very low temperature.

Penicillin was the first antibiotic discovery.

Penicillin was discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming, an eminent British scientist in 1929.

Chloramphenicol is the first completely antibiotic which was commercially produce.

Antibiotic are of many types as follows

1. Penicillins

Penicillin is the drug for infections which is caused because of many organisms.

we use it in infections like pneumonia, rheumatic, heart disease, syphilis, gonorrhea, and meningitis, etc.

Penicillin is most effective against gram-positive organisms.

2. Cephalosporins

These are among the most frequently used antibiotics in the current
era.

People use cephalosporin for infection like enteric fever, meningitis, skin infections, and wound infections, etc.

3. Chloramphenicol

In earlier days, chloramphenicol was using for the treatment of infections like meningitis and typhoid.

Nowadays, people don’t use it for infections like meningitis and typhoid.

But still, we use eye and ear infections in the form of drops.

4. Aminoglycosides

Aminoglycosides are most effective against gram-negative organisms.

Many peoples are using it for the treatment of infections like meningitis, tuberculosis, and brucellosis, etc.

5. Antitubercular Magic Bullet

People use it in combination treatment of tuberculosis.
e.g. Rifampicin, isoniazid, and pyrazinamide, etc.

Uses of Antibiotics

1. Treatment of various infections.
2. As preservatives in food like meat and poultry.
3. As for supplements in animal feed.
4. Prevention of various infections.

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