Verb : Definition : Types & Sub-Types

what is verb by entiregrade

As you all know, the main part of a sentence that defines the whole process is a verb. A Verb is defined as the action words that tell us what the work is done by the subject in a sentence.

Action words are called Verb that is derived from the Latin word Verbum.

Every single work we perform in our daily life or in the whole period of life, they all are Verbs, like as: sleep, eat, drink, come, go, read, write, play, wake, bath, see, learn, and so on.

Types of verb by entiregrade
Types of verb by entiregrade

Types of Verb

There are two types of Verb:

1. Finite Verb

The Finite Verb is the main verb that changes its form according to the tense (present/past) of a sentence, the number and person of the subject.

It further divided into three groups:

Principal Verb (Action/Lexical/Main Verb):

The Principal Verb function the main verb of the sentence that provides us the information and the main action.

Examples: He make cake for me today. Rohan told me a story. She decorates the room.

The underlined words are the principal verb because they all are telling us the main work of the sentences.

Linking Verb (Copular Verb): 

The Linking Verbs connect a subject of the sentence to other word or clause and give information about the subject.

Examples: He looks handsome. I am a student. She is a nurse. They are happy.

All the underlined words tell us about subjects, so they all are linking verbs.

Some linking Verbs are: Be (is, am, are, was, were), seem, look, become, grow, taste, appear, etc.

*Note: The other word or clause that tell us about subject are also known as subject compliment.

Auxiliary Verb (Helping Verb):

The Auxiliary Verb helps the main verb to express its meaning according to the tense or mood.

Primary Auxiliary Verb: Be (is, am, are, was, were), Do (do, did, does), Have (has, have, had)

Modal Auxiliary Verb: can, could, shall, should, will, would, may, might, must, ought to, need, used to.

Examples: He is working in an office. You can pass the exam. We have cooked Biryani.

Underlined words help the main verb so they are Auxiliary verb.

*Note: Some Primary Auxiliary Verb are used as main verb in the sentence.

           Ought to and Might to also used as preposition.

2. Non finite Verb

The Non-finite Verb are the verb that cannot change its form according to the tense, number and person of the subject. Also acts as noun, adjective and adverb.

It also divided into three groups:


An infinitive is a verb form that acts as a noun, an adjective or an adverb in a sentence. It is formed by adding to before base form of verb (to + base form of verb).

            Examples: I like to read books. They interested to know.

Some of infinitive words are: to eat, to read, to play, to look, to know, etc,


The Gerund is a word formed by adding ing in a main verb (main verb+ing) and act as a noun in the sentence.

            Some Gerund verbs are: playing, swimming, dancing, singing, computing, etc.

            Example: Dancing is my hobby. Rohan interested in computing. She like cooking.


A participle is a word formed by the verb and act as a verb, an adjective and an adverb in a sentence.

There are three types of participle:

1.  Present Participle, 2. Past Participle, 3. Perfect Participle

1. Present Participle: Formed by adding ing in basic form of verb and work as verb.

Some of Present participle verb are: eating, reading, playing, driving, shouting, sitting, etc.

2. Past Participle: It is the third form of verb.

Some of Past participle verb are: eaten, played, driven, sit, read, cooked, drunk, etc.

3. Perfect Participle: Formed by adding having before the 3rd form of verb (having + Verb3rd)

Some examples of perfect participle are: Having eaten lunch, he washed his hand. Having taken fees, she went to school, etc.


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