Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) is the earliest known vitamin.
It is the most sensitive vitamin to heat.
Sources of Vitamin C:
Citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables and germinating pulses are the good sources of vitamin C.
Amala (Indian gooseberry) is the richest source of vitamin C.
60 mg per day
Functions of Vitamin C
The main functions of vitamin C are as follows:
1. It is necessary for hydroxylation of proline and lysine in collagen synthesis. Therefore it is essential for the maintenance of normal connective tissue and for wound healing.
2. It involves in the degradation of tyrosine, synthesis of epinephrine and bile acid formation.
3. It increases the absorption of iron from intestine.
4. It is an important anti-oxidant.
The deficiency of Vitamin C causes Scurvy that involves swollen, spongy, bleeding gums, losing teeth, bruising skin, swollen joints, delayed wound healing, anaemia and muscular weakness.